“Between Toes Fungus: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention” delves into the topic of a common foot ailment that affects many individuals. This article provides valuable insight into the causes, treatment options, and prevention strategies related to between toes fungus. Led by board-certified Dr. Lauren Dabakaroff, LMD Podiatry offers advanced foot and ankle care, ensuring that patients receive the highest level of expertise. With a focus on state-of-the-art diagnostics and same-day appointments, we prioritize the health and well-being of your feet. Whether you are seeking surgical or non-surgical solutions, our friendly environment and personalized approach allow for tailored treatments to address various foot conditions. Discover the essential information regarding between toes fungus, and take proactive steps towards healthier feet.

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Fungal infections can occur in various parts of the body, including between the toes. The warm and moist environment between the toes provides an ideal breeding ground for fungi to thrive. The most common cause of between toes fungus is a type of fungus called dermatophytes. These fungi feed on keratin, a protein found in the skin, hair, and nails. When conditions are favorable, such as excessive sweating or wearing tight shoes, fungi can overgrow and cause an infection. Other contributing factors to the development of between toes fungus include poor hygiene, sharing contaminated items, and walking barefoot in public areas.

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Types of Fungus

There are several types of fungi that can cause between toes fungus. The most common type is Trichophyton rubrum, which is responsible for approximately 90% of cases. This fungus can also cause athlete’s foot and nail infections. Another common type is Trichophyton mentagrophytes, which is more commonly associated with athlete’s foot but can also affect the spaces between the toes. Candida albicans is another type of fungus that can cause between toes fungus, especially in individuals with weakened immune systems.

Risk Factors

Certain factors can increase the risk of developing between toes fungus. These include:

  1. Excessive moisture: People who frequently have sweaty feet are more prone to fungal infections as the moisture provides an ideal environment for fungi to thrive.
  2. Wearing tight shoes: Shoes that are too tight can create a warm and moist environment, promoting fungal growth.
  3. Poor hygiene: Failing to keep the feet clean and dry can increase the risk of fungal infections.
  4. Walking barefoot in public areas: Walking barefoot in public places like swimming pools, locker rooms, and communal showers can expose the feet to fungal spores.
  5. Having a weakened immune system: Individuals with conditions such as diabetes, HIV/AIDS, or those undergoing chemotherapy are more susceptible to fungal infections.


When a fungal infection occurs between the toes, it can cause a range of symptoms. These may include:

  1. Itching and burning: One of the most common symptoms of between toes fungus is persistent itching and burning sensation.
  2. Redness and inflammation: The skin between the toes may appear red, swollen, and inflamed.
  3. Cracking and peeling: The affected skin may become dry, cracked, and start to peel.
  4. Blisters and ulcers: In severe cases, blisters and ulcers may develop, leading to pain and discomfort.
  5. Foul odor: Fungal infections can often produce an unpleasant odor.

Between Toes Fungus


If you suspect a fungal infection between your toes, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis. During the examination, the healthcare provider will examine the affected area and may take a sample for laboratory testing. This could involve collecting skin debris or using a microscope to identify the type of fungus causing the infection. The diagnosis will help determine the most appropriate treatment plan.

Treatment Options

Treating between toes fungus typically involves a combination of medication, topical creams, and preventive measures. The treatment options aim to eliminate the fungus, relieve symptoms, and prevent the infection from recurring.


Antifungal medications are commonly prescribed to treat between toes fungus. These medications can be in the form of topical creams or oral medications.

Topical Creams

Topical antifungal creams are often the first line of treatment for between toes fungus. These creams contain active ingredients such as clotrimazole, miconazole, or terbinafine, which help kill the fungus. It is important to apply the cream as directed by the healthcare professional, ensuring complete coverage of the affected area and nearby skin.

Oral Medications

In more severe or persistent cases, oral antifungal medications may be prescribed. These medications, such as itraconazole or fluconazole, work from within the body to eliminate the fungal infection. They are typically taken for a specified duration as prescribed by the healthcare provider.

Prevention Tips

Preventing between toes fungus is possible by following some simple measures:

  1. Keep your feet clean and dry: Wash your feet daily with mild soap and water, ensuring to dry them thoroughly, especially between the toes.
  2. Wear breathable footwear: Opt for shoes made of breathable materials that allow air circulation and reduce moisture buildup.
  3. Change socks regularly: Use clean, dry socks and change them frequently, especially if they become sweaty.
  4. Avoid sharing shoes and socks: Fungal infections can be contagious, so avoid sharing footwear or socks with others.
  5. Protect your feet in public areas: Wear flip-flops or water shoes when walking barefoot in public places, such as swimming pools or locker rooms.
  6. Use antifungal powders or sprays: Applying antifungal powders or sprays to your feet can help reduce moisture and prevent fungal growth.

By taking these preventive measures and promptly treating any signs of between toes fungus, you can help maintain healthy feet and prevent future infections.

In conclusion, between toes fungus is a common fungal infection caused by various types of fungi, mainly dermatophytes. It can occur due to factors such as excessive moisture, tight shoes, poor hygiene, and weakened immune systems. The symptoms, including itching, redness, and cracking, can be uncomfortable and bothersome. However, with the right diagnosis and treatment, such as topical creams or oral medications, the infection can be effectively treated. By following preventive tips and maintaining proper foot hygiene, you can reduce the risk of developing between toes fungus and promote overall foot health. Remember to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.

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