If you’re suffering from calluses on your feet that are causing you discomfort, it’s important to seek expert advice on how to effectively manage this issue. LMD Podiatry, led by the highly skilled and board-certified Dr. Lauren Dabakaroff, specializes in providing advanced foot and ankle care. With extensive training from Mount Sinai, Dr. Dabakaroff offers both surgical and non-surgical solutions for a wide range of conditions. Whether you require treatment for pediatric or diabetic foot care, Achilles Tendonitis, or bunions, LMD Podiatry has state-of-the-art diagnostics and same-day appointment availability, ensuring that your foot health is the top priority. To take the first step towards finding relief from painful calluses, call us at 954-680-7133 for a consultation.

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Understanding Calluses

What are calluses?

Calluses are thickened areas of skin that develop as a result of repetitive friction or pressure. They usually form on the feet and hands and can vary in size and texture. Calluses are the body’s way of protecting the skin from further damage and can be both a natural defense mechanism and a sign of underlying issues.

Causes of calluses

The primary cause of calluses is pressure or friction on the skin. This often occurs due to repetitive actions, such as walking or running, wearing ill-fitting shoes, or engaging in activities that put excessive strain on the feet. Calluses can also form as a result of abnormal foot mechanics, where certain areas of the foot bear more weight than others.

Symptoms of calluses

Typical symptoms of calluses include the development of thickened skin, dryness, and a rough or waxy texture. Calluses may be yellowish or grayish in color and can cause discomfort or pain, especially when pressure is applied. In severe cases, calluses can crack or become infected if not properly managed.

Risk Factors for Painful Calluses

Wearing ill-fitting shoes

One of the main risk factors for painful calluses is wearing shoes that do not properly fit the feet. Shoes that are too tight or too loose can increase friction and pressure on certain areas, leading to the development of calluses. It is essential to wear shoes that provide proper support and allow for natural movement to prevent callus formation.

Activities that put pressure on the feet

Engaging in activities that involve repetitive movements or long periods of standing can put excessive pressure on the feet, increasing the risk of callus formation. People who participate in sports, work in occupations that require prolonged standing, or engage in activities that strain the feet are more likely to develop painful calluses.

Foot deformities

Certain foot deformities, such as bunions or hammertoes, can contribute to the development of calluses. These deformities alter the foot’s structure and mechanics, causing uneven weight distribution and increased pressure on specific areas. As a result, calluses may form in response to the constant friction and pressure.

Preventing Painful Calluses

Wear comfortable and properly fitting shoes

To prevent painful calluses, it is crucial to wear shoes that are comfortable and properly fitted. Shoes should have enough room for the toes to move freely and provide adequate support and cushioning. Avoid wearing shoes that are too tight or too loose, as they can increase the likelihood of callus formation.

Use cushioning and protective inserts

Using cushioning and protective inserts can help alleviate pressure and reduce friction on certain areas of the feet, preventing calluses from forming. There are many types of inserts available, such as gel pads or silicone toe sleeves, which can be placed inside shoes to provide extra padding and relieve pressure points.

Keep feet moisturized

Keeping the skin of the feet moisturized is essential in preventing calluses. Dry skin can be more prone to developing calluses, so regularly applying moisturizing creams or lotions can help keep the skin soft and supple. Additionally, moisturizing the feet can reduce friction and make it less likely for calluses to form.

Home Remedies for Managing Calluses

Soaking the feet in warm water

Soaking the feet in warm water can help soften calluses and make them easier to manage. Add a few tablespoons of Epsom salt or a gentle foot soak solution to warm water and soak the feet for about 15-20 minutes. Afterward, use a pumice stone or a foot file to gently remove the hardened skin.

Using a pumice stone

A pumice stone is an effective tool for gently exfoliating callused skin. Before using a pumice stone, soak the feet in warm water to soften the calluses. Then, using gentle, circular motions, rub the pumice stone against the callus to remove the thickened skin. Be sure to rinse and dry the feet afterward.

Applying moisturizing creams

After soaking and exfoliating the calluses, apply a moisturizing cream or lotion to the affected areas. This will help keep the skin hydrated and prevent further dryness. Look for creams that contain ingredients like urea or lactic acid, as they can help soften and smooth the callused skin.

calluses on feet hurt

Over-the-Counter Treatments

Callus-removing creams

There are various over-the-counter callus-removing creams available that can help soften and remove calluses. These creams typically contain ingredients like salicylic acid or urea, which work to break down the thickened skin. Apply the cream to the callus as directed, and then use a pumice stone or file to gently remove the softened skin.

Callus pads and cushions

Callus pads and cushions can be applied directly to the callus to provide additional cushioning and protection. These pads are typically made of soft, gel-like materials and can help relieve pressure on the callus, reducing pain and discomfort. They can be easily found in most pharmacies or foot-care sections of stores.

Salicylic acid treatments

Salicylic acid treatments come in various forms, such as pads, drops, or plasters, and are designed to gradually dissolve the callused skin. These treatments typically need to be applied regularly over a period of time to see results. Follow the instructions on the product packaging, and be cautious not to over-apply the treatment to avoid skin irritation.

When to Seek Professional Help

Persistent pain and discomfort

If calluses continue to cause persistent pain and discomfort despite using home remedies or over-the-counter treatments, it may be necessary to seek professional help. A podiatrist can assess the severity of the calluses and provide appropriate treatment options to alleviate the pain.

Diabetic individuals with calluses

People with diabetes should promptly seek professional help if they develop calluses. Diabetic individuals are more susceptible to foot complications, and calluses can lead to ulcers or infections if left untreated. A podiatrist with experience in diabetic foot care can provide the necessary treatment and advise on proper foot management.

Complications from self-treatment

If self-treatment measures for calluses result in complications, such as bleeding, infection, or worsening of symptoms, it is essential to consult a podiatrist. They can evaluate the condition and provide appropriate treatment to prevent further complications and promote healing.

Professional Treatment Options

Debridement by a podiatrist

Debridement is a common professional treatment for calluses performed by a podiatrist. During this procedure, the podiatrist will carefully remove the thickened skin using specialized tools. This helps to relieve pain and pressure and allows for proper healing of the affected area.

Custom orthotics for foot realignment

In some cases, calluses may be caused by abnormal foot mechanics or foot deformities. A podiatrist may recommend custom orthotics, which are shoe inserts designed to correct foot alignment and redistribute weight evenly. By realigning the foot, pressure on specific areas can be reduced, preventing callus formation.

Surgical intervention, if necessary

In rare cases where calluses are severe, causing significant pain or leading to complications, surgical intervention may be necessary. A podiatrist can assess the situation and determine if surgical removal of the callus or correction of any underlying deformities is required.

Tips for Proper Foot Care

Regularly trim toenails

Trimming toenails regularly is an important part of foot care to prevent calluses and other foot problems. Nails should be cut straight across and not too short to avoid ingrown toenails. Avoid cutting the corners of the nails as this can increase the risk of developing painful calluses.

Avoid going barefoot in public places

To minimize the risk of developing calluses and other foot infections, it is advisable to avoid going barefoot in public places. Public areas such as pools, gyms, and communal showers can expose the feet to fungi and bacteria, increasing the chances of developing foot conditions, including calluses.

Wear moisture-wicking socks

Moisture-wicking socks can help keep the feet dry and prevent excessive sweating, which can contribute to the development of calluses. These socks are made from materials that draw moisture away from the skin, reducing friction and lowering the risk of callus formation.

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LMD Podiatry – Expert Foot and Ankle Care

About Dr. Lauren Dabakaroff and her credentials

LMD Podiatry, led by board-certified Dr. Lauren Dabakaroff, offers advanced foot and ankle care. With Mount Sinai training, Dr. Dabakaroff brings a wealth of expertise and knowledge to her practice. She is highly skilled in both surgical and non-surgical treatments for various foot conditions and is committed to providing the highest quality care to her patients.

Services offered by LMD Podiatry

LMD Podiatry offers a comprehensive range of services to address various foot and ankle conditions. From pediatric and diabetic foot care to the treatment of Achilles Tendonitis and bunions, Dr. Dabakaroff provides personalized treatment plans tailored to each patient’s unique needs. The clinic is equipped with state-of-the-art diagnostics and offers same-day appointments for urgent cases.

Same-day appointments and friendly environment

At LMD Podiatry, the focus is on providing exceptional care in a friendly and welcoming environment. The clinic understands the importance of prompt treatment, which is why they offer same-day appointments for urgent cases. Patients can expect to receive personalized attention and compassionate care from the moment they step into the clinic.


Importance of managing calluses for foot health

Managing calluses is crucial for maintaining overall foot health. Calluses can cause pain, discomfort, and even lead to more severe complications if left untreated. By understanding the causes and risk factors of calluses, individuals can take preventive measures to reduce their occurrence and seek timely professional help when necessary.

Taking the necessary steps to prevent and treat painful calluses

From wearing properly fitting shoes to engaging in regular foot care routines, taking the necessary steps to prevent and treat painful calluses is essential. Home remedies and over-the-counter treatments can provide relief, but if calluses persist or cause complications, it is advisable to consult a podiatrist for expert advice and treatment options. Remember, healthy feet are an essential part of overall well-being, and proper callus management plays a significant role in maintaining foot health.

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